Labels Clamp Down on 'Cop-Killer' Raps
By Chuck Philips, New York Newsday
The record industry is quietly putting an end to violent, angry "gangsta" rap songs that portray the killing of police officers.
Rappers are still writing and recording songs about shooting cops, but some executives have decided that album cuts with such incendiary lyrics as "Mr. Officer, I wanna see you Iayin' in a coffin, sir" or "die, pig, die" should no longer be released on corporate-owned record labels.
One Time Warner-affiliated record company has flatly banned cop-killing songs, while other labels owned by the publishing and entertainment conglomerate have warned rappers to clean up their lyrics or take their music elsewhere.
MCA and PolyGram officials also have been taking a hard line, while executives at other labels acknowledge that they have quietly beefed up lyric review committees to screen troublesome, violent and sexually explicit rap projects before they get released.
"Is there any sensitivity to the issue?" asked one official at New York-based PolyGram Records. "Absolutely. But it isn't just about cop-killing lyrics though. If a song was about murdering and raping 12-year-old girls, there would certainly be concern..."
"I thought artists in America were supposed to have freedom of expression," declared Oakland rapper Paris - who last week released his "Sleeping With the Enemy" album on his own label after Warner officials rejected a song called "Bush Killa" that depicts the stalking of President George Bush. "I guess standing up for free speech Is bad business these days."
The most recent corporate efforts to clamp down on "incendiary" rap are the clearest industry reactions to last summer's explosive "Cop Killer" controversy. Critics said that song by rapper Ice-T glorified the murder of police, and both President George Bush and Vice President Dan Quayle sided with law-enforcement groups in protesting Time Warner's release of the record. Time Warner pulled the song July 29 at Ice-T's request after police groups picketed the media conglomerate's shareholders' meeting in Beverly Hills.
Two weeks later, Warner Music Group executives met with rappers Ire-T, Kool G. Rap, Live Squad and Paris and warned them to change their lyrics on some songs or find another label to release the material. Warner officials refuse to discuss the meetings and deny there is a corporate policy banning incendiary lyrics. But rappers and record-company insiders say Warner Music labels pressured Da Lench Mob, Juvenile Committee and the Boo-Yah Tribe to change lyrics and dropped Almighty RSO over the police-killing song "One in a Chamba."
Nowhere has the pressure been greater than at Time Warner-affiliated Interscope Records, where rapper Tupac Amaru Shakur and the label are facing a suit by a Texas widow who claims Shakur's anti-police "2PACALYPSE NOW" led to the shooting of her highway trooper husband. Though the firm intends to fight the case In court, Interscope co-owner 'Frederick W. (Ted) Field said Interscope will no longer release songs containing "incendiary" lyrics.
"We will not release any album in the future that advocates cop killing," said Field, a film executive and financial donor to the anti-censorship group, People for the American Way.
Dr. Dre's "Mr. Officer," in which he describes a cop in a casket, will not appear on Interscope's release next week of the Los Angeles gangsta rapper's "The Chronic." Indeed, several major record distributors are said to have passed on the album because of the song.
Even the future of Ire-T's much-anticipated "Home Invasion" album is in question. Time Warner's Sire Records has delayed the release of what the Los Angeles rapper once referred to as his "rougher" and "crazier" follow-up to "Body Count," which contained "Cop Killer." Originally planned for a December release, the record is not expected out until late February.
Warner officials say the record will be late because Ice-T was "inspired" to return to the studio to add new songs. But sources say the new material was being recorded to replace "incendiary" tracks that executives have wanted deleted since August.
While Time Warner has the great bulk of rap stars, it is not alone in its efforts to tone down the music. MCA Music Entertainment pulled a single by New York rappers FU2 off the market and PolyGram-owned A & M Records asked Intelligent Hoodlum to delete a song from his upcoming album.
Bruce Rogow, the Nova University law professor who successfully represented Miami rap group 2 Live Crew in its 1990 obscenity trial, believes that the high cost of lighting free-speech court battles has helped put an end to corporate America's recent love affair with hardcore rap.
"I don't think anybody truly believes these lyric lawsuits are viable, but they can cost a company hundreds of thousands of dollars to fight," Rogow said." Boycotts and court battles can generate enormous negative publicity with the upper-middle-class white American Time magazine crowd. And that's something the corporate world fears and shuns."
Angry Gangsta rap, however, is still finding its way Into the marketplace.
One of the hottest-selling records in the United States is Los Angeles rapper Ice Cube's hard-edged "The Predator," which entered the pop charts last month at No.1 after selling 193,000 copies during its first week in the stores. The album - still in Billboard magazine's pop Top 20 this week - includes fictional tales, about post-riot Los Angeles in which the rapper retaliates violently against unjust police action.
Bryan Turner, president of Priority Records, the small independent label that releases Ice Cube's material, said he has no intention of backing off his label's commitment to controversial free speech. Turner believes the conglomerates that own the major labels are getting gun-shy because they do not earn enough money off the genre to justify its negative publicity.